G&D | Intaglio printing for banknotes



Intaglio Printing

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Banknote Printing Team

+49 89 4119-0

+49 89 4119-1693

New ideas for staying one step ahead of the counterfeiters

There are several key requirements that must be met by a new banknote: esthetics, counterfeit prevention, machine readability, physical durability, and public acceptance. Only banknotes that fulfill these requirements perfectly – and perform well in circulation – are capable of establishing themselves long term.

Intaglio printing lends the banknote its exclusive character. Strong denomination colors, striking portraits and ornamental designs, and not least the relief-style embossing are the unmistakable features of this sophisticated printing technique. Thanks to the use of computer-aided FIT engraving technology, translucent multi-tone structures can be produced in addition to tactile elements. The result is a wide spectrum of additional color shades. Embedded security elements for human detection, as well as functional areas for machine readability, reinforce the valuable contribution that intaglio printing makes to banknotes.


New horizons in intaglio design

G&D | Intaglio printing for banknotes

The extent to which we perfect our technology allows us to create the right conditions for further design developments. With the FIT system, a combination of computer-aided engraving and laser technology, G&D has managed to do exactly that. It provides the scope required to create freer, more colorful, and more vivid designs, while at the same time allowing new features to be introduced.

G&D | Intaglio printing for banknotes

A high-precision engraving machine transfers the digitally created banknote design directly to an intaglio plate. Even the finest structures are transcribed with optimum quality. The precise technique guarantees that the reprint is always identical to the preprint.


FIT: Tried-and-tested technology redefined

G&D | Intaglio printing for banknotes

FIT (Fine Intaglio Technology) is a proven security feature based on traditional intaglio printing. This process was developed as far back as the Middle Ages, making it the oldest printing technique in the world. G&D has continuously developed the intaglio process and made it fit for the modern world. In 1996, G&D introduced a computer-based, high-resolution engraving technique which for the first time made it possible to engrave fine lines on the intaglio plate. This has led to the development of new security features that set new standards in the production of banknotes and documents.

Intaglio printing gives banknotes a unique appearance which protects them from imitation. These banknotes are characterized by rich colors and highly tactile structures. What is more, the banknote paper is not only printed with ink, it is also heavily compressed, giving banknotes a long-lasting, clean appearance.


Digital image flip

FIT latent – the new generation of latent images offers a genuine digital image flip on a 3D background. The element is embedded directly into the intaglio master by means of high resolution laser engraving and then embossed onto a reflective metal patch of the banknote paper. Tilting the banknote changes the image, making two different motifs visible.

G&D | Intaglio printing for banknotes


FIT latent in direct view

G&D | Intaglio printing for banknotes


FIT latent in direct view, tilted



PEAK: Printing and embossing for maximum security

G&D | Intaglio printing for banknotes

PEAK (Printed Embossed Anticopy Key) is another security feature from G&D that offers an easy way for the public to check the authenticity of banknotes.

The special thing about the PEAK (Printed Embossed Anticopy Key) security feature is its production process, in which the banknote paper is simply printed and embossed. Fine lines in carefully selected shades are embossed to produce a three-dimensional, optically variable image. Different information and colors are visible depending on the angle from which the banknote is viewed.