G&D | G&D Glossary



G&D Glossary

Glossary overview

3G

It's the third generation of mobile phone cards that allow to mobile phone high-speed data access, voice communication as well a visio-commucation.

Acceptance rate

Maximum quantity in percent of banknotes not rejected by a banknote scanning system. Crucial to the acceptance rate are the machine-readable features for determining value and authenticity of the banknotes.

Active authentication

This uses a challenge/response mechanism based in public key cryptography and any digital signatures. It provides proof that the document is not copied and refers to the correct IC.

ADC

Automatic Device Configuration
Automatically triggered download and configuration of appropriate settings and data Over-the-Air to a specific handset or terminal.

ADD

Automatic Device Detection
Method for automatically pairing a mobile subscription identifier (IMSI/MSISDN) with terminal identifier (IMEI). When a new pairing is detected, this may trigger an ADC.

See also: ADC

Animat

Animated matt effects on holograms that are aligned in such a way so as to make pumping or running effects visible.

API

API is the short name of Application Programming Interface. It's a language and message format used by an application program to communicate with the operating system such as a database management system.

Applet

A small sized application written in a high-level language, e.g. Java, and run in the virtual machine of a computer. For reasons of security, an applet’s functionality is limited to the self-contained environment of the virtual machine. With smart card applications, an applet is sometimes referred to as a “cardlet” and generally corresponds to a smart card application.

Application

Banknote papers are enhanced by the addition of security foil elements and printed effects.

Art. 6 compartment

Special deposit terminal stacker, in which banknotes suspected of being counterfeit can be stored separately.

ATM

ATM - Automated Teller Machine, a self service terminal for the secure dispensing of cash without the assistance of bank staff.

Authentication

Authentication is the process of proving that a banknote or security document is genuine by checking the watermark or by feeling the intaglio embossing of a banknote.

Authenticity

The condition of a security element of a banknote or security document being genuine or of an ID document being unaltered.

Authenticity detection

The authenticity of banknotes can basically be established in two ways:

1. With the human senses, like sight and touch (so-called “human feature”)
2. With the aid of tools, such as:
a) Sensors in BPS systems (machine-readable feature)
b) Magnifying glass, UV light, ruler
c) With forensic materials, e.g. high-tech laboratory equipment (electron microscope, AAS, NMR, ESR, etc.)

Band

Paper strip that holds a banknote package together. The band can be printed with the origin and processing data so that the depositor can be traced if there are any discrepancies.

Banknote Analyzer

Tool on the BPS machine for analyzing measured banknote properties.

Banknote bundle

Five or ten bundled banknote packages (straps)

BanknoteCanceler

Punch to cancel banknotes that are no longer fit for circulation (unfit banknotes). Two variants are offered: BanknoteCanceler 40 M, with manual feeding and BanknoteCanceler 40 A, with automatic feeding.

Banknote package

100 banded banknotes (strap)

Banknote packing system

Designed for the secure and (completely) automated packing of banknotes; available as an online or offline system. Systems from G&D: NotaPack

Banknote paper

The banknote substrate is a special paper produced on a cylinder mould paper machine and usually made of 100% cotton.

Banknote Processing System (BPS)

G&D develops and supplies solutions for counting, checking, and sorting banknotes. Depending on the configuration, the banknotes can also be banded online and then bundled or destroyed if necessary. The G&D banknote processing systems are not only used in national and commercial banks, but just about everywhere where larger amounts of cash circulate; for example in retail trade, in shopping malls, hotels, casinos, cash-in-transit companies, and many more. The highly developed measurement technologies used to evaluate the authenticity and condition of the banknotes are constantly being adapted to the current market requirements and new security features.

Banknote substrate

Banknote substrate based on various materials such as cotton, polymer or a combination of the two (so-called hybrid substrates).

Barcode reader

Scanner to record a barcode, for example, on the header cards.

Basic Access Control

This uses challenge/response mechanisms based on triple DES recommendations. It has the advantage of preventing skimming and eavesdropping via a secure communication.

BDS

Abbreviation for "Banknote Destruction System” and is the main term for all banknote destruction and briquetting systems from G&D. It consists mainly of the following modules: Storage and feeding system, destruction system, suction system, silo, filter, briquetting press, as well as a monitoring and control system.

Bi-metallic foil stripe

A security foil element that can be distinguished by having two different metals (e.g. aluminum and gold) placed next to one another.

Biometric

Measurable, distinct physical characteristic or personal trait that can be used to recognise the identity or verify the claimed identity of an enrolled person.

Biometrics

Biometric is a technology who help to enhance the security. It can be use for smart cards, in company to verify entrances and exits or to protect a computer. The biometric technology will replace the use of the passwords and up the level of security by insuring the real indentity of the user. For example, the biometric technology use the fingerprint or the iris to reveal the indentity.

BIP

Bearer Independent Protocol, a way of delivering Short Messages to a mobile phone over an IP network.

Blue tooth

Bluetooth is a transmission specification for digital data exchange between 2 or more devices over short-range radio wawes. This data can be documents, pictures, videos or voices.

BN

Abbreviation of “banknote”

Bootstrap

  • The process in which an OMA DM account is set up for the very first time or when re-installing a missing OMA DM account.
  • The process by which an un-configured device is taken from its initial state to a configured state.

BPS

Banknote Processing System – G&D offers the following models: BPS C1, BPS C4, BPS 1000 CV, BPS M5, BPS M7, BPS 2000 OBIS, BPS 3000.

BPS = system for the automatic processing of banknotes and currency. Depending on the configuration, it can detect the authenticity and value of the banknote, count, sort, band, and bundle the banknotes. The main areas of implementation are national banks, commercial banks, cash centers, casinos, and many other places.

BPS Connect

Broadband

A description of a communication channel that can support large amounts of data at relatively high speeds. Broadband networks normally combine voice, data, and multimedia.

BSD

Short for "Buyer Supplied Detector".
Customer-specific sensor with standardized interface for the BPS machine.

CAN

Abbreviation for “Controller Area Network”: Real-time computer network for the internal control of BPS machines. Contrary to LAN, the arbitration and collision avoidance behave in a deterministic way and do not reduce the possible data rate.

Card

Common term for devices that are based on smart card technology.
SIM card has become the de facto way of referring to Smart Cards used for cellular telephony networks.

Card reader

An electrical and mechanical device of simple construction that can receive a smart card and make electric contact with them. In contrast to terminals, card readers have no display or keypad. Despite the name, card readers can usually also be used to write data onto the card.

Cash Center

(Central) processing center for large volumes of cash.

Cash-in machine

Cash deposit machine

Cash recycling

Recycling means that banks and cash-in-transit companies can pay out banknotes that have been checked for authenticity and sorted for fitness without any additional checks by the central bank (sometimes also referred to as "recirculation").

CB

Cell Broadcast
An alternate push bearer in SmartTrust Wib 2.0.
In order to use live CB, the SmartàLaCarte GeoCast option is needed.

CDR

Charging Data Record, also Call Detail Record
Records generated from traffic events in a telecommunications network that can form input to billing post processing.

Chip card

The chip card is a plastic card who integrates a computer chip. With this chip, the performances of the card are better than the magstipe card like a higher memory capacity and a better security of the data. Chip card is also known as smart card or memory card.

Circulation

Description of the lifecycle of banknotes starting with their issue and ending with their destruction.

Cleartext

Is a negative text in which the text elements become legible when looked through. The nontransparent part is normally generated by means of metallization. See also Demetallization.

ColourShift/ColourFix

Security element featuring an optical surface divided into two sections. The ColourShift section changes color dramatically when tilted while the ColourFix section retains its original color. At a particular angle, the ColourShift and ColourFix sections are the same color, but then change color when viewed at a different angle.

ColourShift effect

See ColourShift.

CompassVMS

Cash center management software that automates the procedures in the cash center.

Contact-based card

A card that transfers power and data between the chip on the card and the card reader via an electrical terminal consisting of six to eight gold-plated contacts.

Contactless smart card

The contacless card is a card that uses the radio frequencies to transfer data to a contacless reader. The range of transmission is short (some inchs). The advantages of this technology insure a better and a faster transaction to the reader than a contact-based card.

Control Center

Tools on the BPS machine for remote access to configuration and data management, includes Banknote Analyzer and Live Viewer.

Copper LEAD

Holographic LEAD stripes on banknotes with copper metallization.

Cotton

Raw material used for making banknote paper. Cotton is a natural fiber that is extracted from the seed hairs of the cotton plant. The textiles industry primarily uses long cotton fibers to produce high-quality materials. The short fibers that the textiles industry disposes of are used for the production of banknote paper.

Counterfeit suspicion

If one or more features of the BPS system cannot be measured correctly, the banknote is suspected to be counterfeit. The manual inspection operator must establish whether the note really is counterfeit or not.

CountryCode thread

Security threads that alternately depict a text element (usually the name of the country) and the country’s flag. CountryCode threads are completely embedded in the security paper, e.g. for passports.

Cryptography

The process of turning readable text into cipher text and back again.

CutLink X

Cyclic EF

Industry term: Cyclic Elementary File
Or: cyclic file.
Included in the SIM card file system.

See also: EF

Cylinder mould watermark

Also known as a genuine or multitone watermark. This is characterized by a high imaging accuracy and is able to represent the mapping of motifs in tone value, e.g as preferred for mapping portraits in banknote paper.

See also Fourdrinier watermark

DAG II

Mobile shredder disposal unit banknote shreds.

Data encryption

This uses a symmetric or asymmetric encryption method and is able to protect sensitive data.

Delivery compartment, delivery stacker

A compartment on a BPS machine into which the fully processed banknotes are deposited.

Demetallization

Production process in which text or design elements are removed from a metallic layer so that they are legible in transmitted light. Used for security threads and security stripes (LEAD) in banknotes.

Denomination

Individual value in a series of banknotes. For example, the euro comes in seven denominations: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500 euros.

Device

Device is a generic word denoting hardware.
Device can be a SIM, SD Card, Personal Digital Assistant, cell phone, smart phone, mobile terminal, mobile handset, machine-2-machine module, or USB-data module with mobile radio.

Device-Management

The Device Management is a set of technology that optimize the functionality and the security of a mobile communication. The management is supported by the Over-The-Air technology who allows to communicate with all the mobile devices such as mobile phones, smartphones, tablet computers, mobile printers, etc.

DF

Dedicated File
Included in the SIM card file system. DF constitutes headers that hold hierarchical trees of elementary files on the SIM card, but do not have data of their own. This is most simply visualized as a directory in a file system.

DOV

Data Over Voice, data transmission technique that allows simultaneous transmission of data as sounds and speech via a telephone line, since the data sounds are outside of the speech band and are also not audible to the human ear.

DSB

Short for "Dual Supply Bander".
Bander unit for BPS machines with dual dispensing reel and graphical band printing.

DSTK

Dynamic SIM Application Toolkit

See also: STK

Dual-interface card

A dual-interface card is a chip card that has both a contact and a contactless interface for data transmission from and to the card. Also known as a combi card.

EF

Elementary file
Included in the SIM card file system. EF has both a header and a body, and comes in three flavors; Transparent EF, Linear fixed EF and Cyclic EF.

See also: Transparent EF, Linear fixed EF and Cyclic EF.

Electrical conductivity

The electrical conductivity of security elements can be measured with sensors and serves as a machine-readable authentication feature.

Electronic purse

The electronic purse (or money card) is just one of many chip card applications. To use it, you first load your card with cash at the bank counter. It is mostly used for purchasing and paying in small amounts. The electronic purse will be used more and more in future, especially for applications that require the right change, such as parking meters or on the bus, and generally for buying things from machines, like coffee, cigarettes or sandwiches. The software in the terminals means that you’ve always go the right change.

Embedded security feature

Security elements embedded in the paper during the paper production process. These security elements are considered to be especially secure since they are completely integrated in the paper and cannot be removed or added retroactively without destroying the paper, e.g. watermarks, security threads, security fibers, etc.

Embossed hologram

See Hologram embossing.

EMV

The name of EMV comes from the Card companies that developed it: Europay, MasterCard, Visa. EMV is an industry standard covers the interaction at the physical, electrical, data and application levels between Chip cards and Chip card processing devices for financial transactions.

E-Passport

An electronic passport with a contactless chip and an antenna embedded in it.

Escrow

Banknotes are stored temporarily in the escrow after being fed into the payment terminal. If the depositor decides to cancel the deposit, the banknotes can then be returned.

ET mark

Short for “Euro Test mark”.

Voluntary certification of technical products by the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV) body and other European test bodies under the Device and Product Safety Act (GPSG) and EU conformity directives. The GS mark based on similar criteria is not recognized in all European countries.

Extended Access Control

Uses an additional symmetric key or asymmetric key pair to prevent unauthorized skimming and access to sensitive data and provides additional key management.

FAT

Abbreviation for "Factory Acceptance Test".
used by customers to check equipment at manufacturer's site before shipping.

FDP

Short for "Fast Deposit Processing".

Process on the BPS machine used to verify deposits with identification by a document with barcode

Features

Term referring to (security) characteristics.

FEEL

FEEL (Fast Energy Effective Link) is an interactive security feature for banknotes. The warmth of your fingertip is enough to alter the color at a specific location on the banknote. This makes it very easy to authenticate.

FIRST

FIRST (Fine Infrared Split Technology) uses a laser to create hidden codes on the printed banknote. These are invisible to the human eye and can only be read under an infrared light.

FIT

FIT (Fine Intaglio Technology) is a proven security feature for banknotes based on traditional intaglio printing.

Fitness

The quality of banknotes for circulation. See also: fitness detection

Fitness detection

Checking the banknotes for soiling, graffiti, paper quality (limpness), tears/holes, dog-ears, etc. There are 3 sorting categories:

  • ATM fit = very good quality suitable for use in bank machines
  • 2. Fit = banknotes that are in good condition and can be returned to circulation
  • 3. Unfit = banknotes of poor quality that are to be destroyed
See also: Fitness.

Fitness for circulation

Banknote quality. See also: Fitness inspection and Fitness

FLP detector

Fluorescence / Phosphorescence detector for luminescent authenticity features of banknotes.

Foil embossing

Embossing of an image in an embossing varnish applied to a foil, e.g. a hologram structure.

Fourdrinier watermark

Also referred to as a Moulette watermark, produced with Fourdrinier paper machines, in which after sheet formation the nonwoven fibers are compressed or displaced into characters via a forming roll with images. In transmitted light, the result appears as a simple light/dark watermark. One typical application is for commercially available printing and writing paper.

See also Cylinder mould watermark.

Global System for Mobile communications (GSM)

GSM is a digital mobile telephony system that is used as based in a lot countries in the world, specially in Europe. GSM can be consider as the 2G, the ancestor of the 3G. The GSM phones consist of two physically separate units - the cell phone as the communication unit and the participant card as the memory unit.

GPRS

GPRS is the short term for General Packet Radio Service. This technology is used in the Mobile phone for the data service on the 2G and 3G.

GSM

Global System for Mobile Communications, a second generation cellular telephone network. (originally Groupe Spécial Mobile)

GS mark

Short for "Geprüfte Sicherheit" (“Tested for Safety”).

Voluntary certification of technical products by the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV) body under the Device and Product Safety Act (GPSG). The EuroTest (ET) mark based on similar criteria is recognized all over Europe.

Handset

See: Terminal

Haptic

Haptic perception refers to actively feeling an object’s size, contours, surface texture, etc. In the case of banknotes, it is the raised intaglio embossing and print which can be felt in particular. It is therefore a strong feature for the security of a banknote. See also Tactility.

HC

Short for "Header Card".

Header Card

Separator card, slightly larger than a banknote, with an identification number (HC-Id). The header card is placed before each deposit and is used to idetnify the deposit and to separate the rejected banknotes. Licensed by "Currency Systems International".

Hologram

The term “hologram” is incorrectly used to refer to so-called surface embossing which uses light diffraction to show an image and angle-dependent colors. In addition to the visual properties of the image, the metallized aluminum structures serve as anti-copy protection features. They belong to the group of “optically variable devices” (OVDs). This hinders reproduction by means of scanners or color copiers.

See also Hologram threads and Hologram stripes.

Hologram embossing

The holographic structure is embossed in a suitable layer of varnish applied previously by means of an appropriate tool.

Holographic foil = Hologram foil

Polyester foil embossed with a hologram; the foil is usually applied in stripes to the substrate surface using the so-called hot-stamping process which involves pressure and heat.

Holographic stripe = Hologram stripe

Security stripe with a holographic surface, normally available in widths of 8 to 15 mm, for application on a security substrate. Also known as the brand LEAD.

Holographic thread = Hologram thread

Security thread with a holographic surface, normally available in widths of 2.5 to 5 mm, for embedding in a security substrate. See Security thread.

Holography

Holography is a method for rendering objects in three dimensions. The image is created by means of laser beams. The result, the so-called hologram, contains all the information on the three-dimensional structure of the object, providing considerably more detail than a normal photograph. In appropriate lighting, the original object is visible and can be seen at various angles.

Hot stamp foil

Foil with thermally activated release layers and adhesives applied entirely or partially to a substrate.

Hybrid

Hybrid is an innovative combination of protective polyester foil around a cotton fibre core.

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICCID

Integrated Circuit Card Identity, the serial number of a SIM card.

ICMS

Short for "Integrated Cash Management System".
System for recording accounting and statistics data in the Cash Center.

IMEI

International Mobile Equipment Identity, a number (which should be unique) for identifying cellular telephones used in GSM, UMTS and LTE networks.

IMSI

International Mobile Subscriber Identity, a unique identification associated with a cellular telephone network user for GSM and UMTS standards.

Intaglio print

Special high-security printing process, e.g. for banknotes and security printing. The result of such printing is characterized by the particular type of color embossing. Such prints are raised and can be felt (tactility).

Intaglio print

Special high-security printing process, e.g. for banknotes and security printing. The result of such printing is characterized by the particular type of color embossing. Such prints are raised and can be felt (tactility).

InVisio

A covert feature embedded in hologram threads or hologram stripes which is visible using a special reader.

Iridescent printed effect

Iridescent color coating that renders various colors visible depending on the angle of view. The change in color is caused by the embedded pigments. Security element frequently used in banknotes which is discreet and hard to copy.

Iridescent stripe

See Iridescent printed effect.

ISO

International Standards Organization

ISS

"International Security System". The first currency processing system from G&D. Between 1980 and 2001, over 2,200 systems of ISS 300 were installed worldwide, enabling to reach absolute market dominance. Follow up system: BPS 1000.

JAVA

Chip card applications are becoming more and more numerous and various. This applies to financial and payment services, telecommunication, automation, and transport systems or network applications of all types in which chip cards will be used increasingly in the future. Easy handling, user-friendliness, and universal applicability are becoming more and more important. That is why the multifunctional JACA chip card standard was created. JAVA creates a universal software platform to “saddle up” all applications for the chip card. Advantage for the user: The user can always “load” the current application and use the new applications without having to get a new card.

Java enabled SIM card

Or: Java card.
A SIM card with support for Java implemented.

JetFix

Security paper with special features for high-quality inkjet printing, e.g. passport paper.

Laminated foil

Foil stripe applied to a banknote paper which, particularly in the case of window elements, serves to cover the window. These stripes are normally equipped with additional optically variable printed effects.

LCF

Short for "Large Continuous Feeder".

Singler for BPS machines with large feeder and continuous singling.

LDM

Abbreviation for “Large Delivery Module”. Large delivery compartment for more than 100 Banknotes.

LEAD

LEAD is an acronym for “Long-lasting Economical Anti-copy Device.” The security system applied to the surface of the banknote or security paper, consists of a paper primer, a hologram stripe applied to it, and an integrated overprint, typically by means of intaglio embossing.

Levels of authentication (Banknote Paper)

The authenticity of banknotes can be ascertained in various ways: Level 1: using human senses such as seeing or feeling (so-called human features). Level 2a: with the assistance of devices such as a magnifying glass, UV light, filters, etc. Level 2b: sensors in processing machines (machine-readable features) and / or forensic devices, e.g. high-tech lab equipment (such as electron microscopes).

Linear fixed EF

Linear Fixed Elementary File
Included in the SIM card file system. Stores data records that all have the same fixed length.

See also: EF

Liquid crystal

Optically active structures, e.g. for the generation of color-shifting printed effects. See also ColourShift.

Live Viewer

Tool on the BPS machine for viewing the progress of throughput, the rejection rate, and the unfit rate.

Long grain

The long grain orientation of the paper fibers runs along the short side of the sheet. Standard in commercial printing. See also Short grain.

LongLife

Banknote paper with dirt-resistant features to increase the service life of a banknote.

LOOK

LOOK (Laser Originated Optical Key) is a banknote printing method that uses ultramodern laser technology to individually adapt established security features on banknotes and thereby create new ones.

LTE

LTE is the short name of Long Term Evolution because LTE is considered by many as the 4G technology because it's better than the 3G. First the speed of the data transfer is increased to potential 100 Mbps, the latency is reduced and is compatible with the older technology, GSM and 3G.

M2M

M2M is an abbreviation for Machine-To-Machine. It consists of a communication between to machines wirelessly. M2M is used in a lot of sector like robotics, road trafic control, security systems, cars and more.

Machine readability

Characteristic of a banknote to be processed and authenticated automatically.

Machine-readable feature = Machine-readable authentication feature

Security features in or on banknotes or security documents that are machine readable and serve the purpose of determining authenticity.

Magic

Optically variable printed effect based on microlens technology in security foils and security threads.

See also Moiré-Magnifyer.

Magnetic properties

Banknote features for automatic banknote processing using special banknote processing machines.

MF

Master File
Included in the SIM card file system. Constitutes the root file in the SIM file system.

MFD

Short for "Machine-readable Feature Detector".

Microlenses

Small spherical lenses, typically only a few micrometers in size.

See also Moiré-Magnifyer, Magic™.

Micro optical structure

See also Moiré-Magnifyer, Microlenses.

Microprocessor card

A microprocessor card is one equipped with a microchip that contains a microcontroller with a CPU, volatile memory (RAM), and non-volatile memory (ROM, EEPROM). Microprocessor cards can also come with a numerical coprocessor (NPU), which enables them to perform public key crypto algorithms at high speed. These kinds of cards are sometimes referred to as cryptocards or cryptocontoller cards.

MIS (management information system)

A management information system is used to analyze data collected and processed via a company’s communications network. When the data is analyzed, the results serve as the basis for strategic decisions made by the company.

MM

Mobile money also known as Mobile wallet is an alternative payment method. A consumer who uses a mobile phone can pay or transfer money directly to an other mobile phone when they are near each other. It's different to the NFC technology because you must first load money in your phone directly in the bank.

Mobile Station

All the equipment and software needed for communication with a cellular telephone network. This is a term used for GSM networks.

See also: User Equipment

Moiré-Magnifier

Is a combination of grid arrangements of microlenses and microstructures and their position relative to one another. This is one way to generate effects of magnification, depth and motion.

MOTAPS

MOTAPS is MasterCards Mobile Over-the-Air Provisioning Service for NFC programs.

MOVE

The banknote security feature MOVE (Micro-Oriented Variable Effect) is based on an optical interaction. A specific arrangement of microlenses creates dynamic effects in the window area, in conjunction with encoded microprint on the banknote.

MSSP

Mobile Signature Service Platform, a system used by cellular telephone networks to provide mobile signature security.

See also: WPKI

MultiCode

Magnetic feature of security threads in banknotes. MultiCode enables various coding and thus customer-specific information.

NCS

Numeron Configuration Software – program for managing one or more Numeron machines. See Numeron

Negative text

Transparent text on an opaque background which is visible when held up to the light.

See also Security thread and Hologram foil."

NFC

NFC is the abbreviation for Near Field Communication. As the Bluetooth it's a contactless technology who is use to transfer data directly to a reader with short range radio wawes: As Bluetooth, people can transfer pictures, videos or audio contents but with NFC, consumers will be able to pay with their mobile phones as a debit card, to collect loyalty points of shops or to pay the different transports.

NotaMaster

Modular range of sensors providing proof of totally counterfeit-proof features and detection of printing errors.

NotaPack

G&D system for tamper-proof packaging of banknote bundles in transparent shrink-wrap.

NotaScan

Modular range of sensors for assessing authenticity and fitness

NotaScan Image

G&D sensor for scanning the printed image of a banknote in 4 spectral ranges to detect denomination, orientation, authenticity, soiling and defects, and for reading the serial number.

NotaScan Ink

G&D sensor for detecting the authenticity of banknotes by measuring the advanced infrared properties of special printing inks.

NotaScan Profile

G&D sensor for measuring the thickness of banknotes to detect multiple items, adhesive tape, tears, holes and dog-ears.

Numeron

Compact G&D tabletop banknote processing system for detecting the authenticity and fitness of banknotes, and for deposit verification in the Cash Center.

Numeron CV

Compact G&D tabletop currency processing system designed for smaller quantities of banknotes, for use mainly in bank branches and at the point of sale (CV = Commercial Version)

O&M

Operation and Maintenance, the running and servicing of a product.

OATH

Initiative for Open Authentication (OATH) is an industry-wide collaboration to develop an open reference architecture using open standards to promote the adoption of strong authentication.

OBIS

Short for “Optical Banknote Inspection System”.

System for checking the quality of new banknotes as a component of the BPS 2000 OBIS, especially for detecting printing errors.

Orientation

There are four different orientations (stacking possibilities) for a banknote: Faced (front), faced upside-down, unfaced (back), unfaced upside-down.

Orientation sorting

Sorting in all four orientations. Every banknote is stacked in a pre-determined delivery stacker according to its orientation. This results in a banknote bundle in which all banknotes are faced the same, even if mixed orientation banknotes were inserted in the singler.

Origination

The implementation of a design in a tool for the production of security elements.

OS – Operating System

The computer programme that manages all other programmes on the machine.

OTA

OTA is the short word for Over The Air. It's the standart for the transmission and reception of application-related information in a wireless communications system. OTA is generally used for the Short Messaging Service (SMS) and will be use in new technology, NFC, to insure the security of the data transaction.

OTAP

Over-the-Air Provisioning,.

See: Provisioning

OTW

Over-the-Wire, term used to describe management of mobile equipment via wired connection.

OVD

Acronym for “optically variable devices,” which refers to security elements with optically variable surfaces such as holograms, iridescent printed effects, ColourShift, Moiré-magnifying features, etc.

OVI

Acronym for "optically variable ink".

OVS

Acronym for “optically variable stripe.

See also OVD."

Paper web formation process

Occurs during paper production on the cylinder mould machine when fibers are placed and arranged on the mould.

Passive authentication

The cryptographic mechanism applied to this process is the digital signature. This proof that the Logical Data Structure (LDS) and Document Certificate are authenticated and not modified but does not prevent 1:1 copying or chip exchange.

Patch, Hologram

Transfer foil embossed with a hologram; a stamp is used in conjunction with pressure and heat to emboss the image with the hologram foil.

PCVS

Short for "PC Verification Station".

PC-based workstation and tool that verifies logs sent electronically from BPS machines by checking the Message Authentication Code (MAC).

PDS

Short for "Pneumatic Delivery System".

Equipment used to transport banknote bundles securely in a sealed tube system, e.g. from the BPS machine to a BDS plant.

PEAK

The unusual thing about the PEAK (Printed Embossed Anticopy Key) banknote security feature is its production process, in which the banknote paper is simply printed and embossed. Fine lines in carefully selected shades are embossed to produce a three-dimensional, optically variable image. Different information and colors are visible depending on the angle from which the banknote is viewed.

PIN

Short for “Personal Identification Number” – another term for identification number or personal code. A PIN is a secret number that can be used for example to activate a mobile phone card. The phone cannot be used until activated with this code.

PKI

It's the short term for Public Key Infrastructure. This system uses a pulic and a private key for encrypting and signing data. It also create a secure chain of trust generally to protect data of Internet.

Planchets

Round or straight-edged planchets which are integrated in the paper across the entire surface or within defined strips. Depending on the design, planchets may have different optical properties, e.g. fluorescence, iridescence, microtext. Rarely seen in banknotes these days.

Plastic banknote

The banknote substrate is made of plastic foil (polymer) unlike traditional banknotes made of cotton. See also Polymer banknote.

PMI

Abbreviation for "Person-Machine Interface" – user terminal for data input at the Numeron.

Pole

Hidden information that is invisible to the naked eye but can be made visible under special lighting conditions. Pole is a very effective simple and secure security element for protection against counterfeiting at the point of sale.

Polymer banknote

The banknote substrate is made of plastic foil (polymer), unlike traditional banknotes made of cotton. See also Plastic banknote.

POS

Abbreviation for "point of sale".
Sale point/cash till; place at which banknotes change hands or electronic payment is used.

Positive text

Text on a light (transparent) background.

Primer

Typically a filling layer applied to the banknote surface by means of silk screen printing for smoothing the contact surface for foil application. It can contain luminescent and / or machine-readable properties.

Provisioning

Process in which equipment, for instance a SIM or a terminal, is supplied with data, for example settings, applications, or software upgrades.

Provisioning protocol

Protocol used between the system and the mobile terminal to be provisioned.

QCD

Short for "Quality Control Device".

QICC

Short for "Quality Inspection Control Center".

Workstation and data storage system for controlling the BPS 2000 OBIS.

Rainbow fluorescence

Fluorescence that glows in the colors of the rainbow upon application of UV light.

RAM

Remote Application Management of applications as per GlobalPlatform.

Ream

Packaged unit containing a specific number of paper sheets (e.g. 500 sheets).

Reconciliation

Manual check of banknotes rejected by the BPS machine with recording of the value determined or identification of forgeries.

Recycling ATM

A self-service machine that accepts the banknotes deposited by a customer, scans the banknotes’ level of fitness for circulation, then sorts them and pays out the fit notes to the next customer making a withdrawal.

Registered positioning

Positioning of a security element or security print at defined XY coordinates, e.g. on the banknote surface.

Reject compartment

Separate (reject) stacker on a banknote processing machine used to hold banknotes that were either not recognized or are suspected of being counterfeit.

Reject rate

Banknotes that a Banknote Processing System does not recognize are sent to the reject compartment. The reject rate is the number of rejected banknotes in proportion to the number of banknotes fed into the machine. See acceptance rate.

Reject reel

The reject reel of the Banknote Processing System is used to store banknotes that either cannot be scanned or are suspected of being counterfeit for later manual inspection.

Remote Access

It's the ability to access a computer from outside a building to gain information or to attack it.

Retract compartment

A deposit terminal slot used to hold banknotes that the customer fails to remove (unintentionally) after canceling a transaction.

RFID – Radio Frequency Identification

A method of identification using radio frequency technology, which does not require any direct contact.

Roaming

In wireless telecommunication, a roaming is the ability to get access to the Internet when you are not at home but for the same price. It's an extension of connectivity service.

RS

Short for "Reconciliation Station".
Reconciliation station for processing rejects from the BPS machine

S@T

SIM Alliance Toolkit
A DSTK client.

S@tlet

An applet used on S@t clients.

SAT

Site acceptance test, a final check of a machine being delivered that is conducted on the customer’s premises.

SAT

SIM Application Toolkit

See also: STK

SCWS

Smart Card Web Server
Management of Smart Card based web applications.

Secure Element

Secure elements are components that are integrated in your Mobile device to insure the secruity of your data like your PIN code, your pictures, your SMS, etc. It's an important part of the developement of new technologies such as NFC because the data are very sensible. There could be 3 secure elements: MicroSD card, embedded SIM

Secure Voice

It's a term for the encryption of voice communication such as radio or telephone.

Security features = Security elements

Collective term. Elements on banknotes and security documents for the purpose of determining authenticity and protecting against counterfeits.

Security fibers

Security element made of rayon, plastic, or paper embedded in the banknote paper. The fibers are either visible or invisible to the viewer. The invisible fibers are only detectable under a UV lamp. They may glow in various colors.

Security foil

Foil with various optical effects, e.g. holograms, ColourShift, demetallization and combinations of various optically variable surfaces that are applied to the substrate surface.

Security level

Usage-based classification of security elements. There are usually three classifications:

1. The public – without the assistance of devices

2. Specialists with the assistance of devices and commercial banks

3. Central banks

Security papers

Papers that are secured against fraudulent copying and that are not generally available. These include, for instance, papers for passports, checks, and other documents.

Security stripes

See Hologram stripes.

Security thread

Foil stripes with built-in security elements, typically in the width of 0.8 to 5 mm, embedded into banknote and security paper. Options include fully embedded threads and windowed threads. For the embedding a cylinder mould paper machine is used. Security threads can include visual and functional surfaces, e.g. negative text by demetallization of an area, hologram, ColourShift, magnetic print, fluorescence, electrical conductivity, etc.

See-through register

Originally a pure print security element that, when held up to the light, combines elements of the front and back of a banknote into a complete image. Today the security level is increased with an additional placeholder in the form of a watermark.

Self-service machines

Self-service machine such as an automatic teller machine (ATM) in a bank used for making withdrawal and/or deposits.

Sensor

A device that can scan and/or measure the physical properties of a banknote in one or more ways.

SET

The secure electronic transaction standard is a payment transaction protocol for the processing of secure credit card payments on the Internet. It was defined by Visa and MasterCard. SET does not automatically require the payer to have a chip card because it enables transactions to take place completely electronically using the Internet software on a PC.

Short grain

The lengthwise orientation of the paper fibers runs along the long side of the sheet. Standard in banknote paper. See also Long grain.

Shredder

Equipment used to cut or shred banknotes into scraps of paper. BPS machines destroy the banknotes online using a shredder blade. BDS plants destroy the banknotes offline using a granulator. The scraps of paper must be so small that the banknotes cannot be reassembled.

Shreds

Fragments of paper resulting from the destruction of banknotes. On-line cross-cut shredders create fragments with the same size and shape, i.e. rectangular with straight edges, granulators create shreds in variable size and shape, having irregular edges.

Silk screen print

Printing process for the application of relatively thick layers of ink in roll and sheet printing. Typically used in banknote and security printing for the application of printed effects, e.g. iridescent printed effects.

SIM

SIM is the short name of Subscriber Identity Module. SIMs are small smart cards that are used in all the cellphones. A SIM contains a lot of personalized data of the subscriber like the user identity, phone number, contact, etc. A SIM is not linked to a cellphone so the consumer can easily put out the SIM of his phone and put in to an other phone and keep his data.

SIM switch

To replace an old SIM card with another SIM card (same subscriber, same subscription) in the terminal.

See also: ADD

Singler

Apparatus in the machine for pulling individual banknotes out of the banknote stack. In simple machines, the singler can be based on purely mechanical principles (friction singler), while sophisticated BPS machines work with air support (suction band singler, air-supported singler).

SM

Short Message.

See also: SMS

Smartcard

Another name for a microprocessor card. A card that contains a processor chip is considered “intelligent.” Simple memory cards are therefore not referred to as smart cards.

SmartTrust

The Giesecke & Devrient family of products for Over-the-Air management of mobile terminals, SIMs and mobile value added services.

SMS

Short Message Service, a message service found in cellular telephone networks.

Sound

The sound typical of banknotes. Experts also refer to this as crispness.

Specimen

Term meaning sample; specimen banknote = sample / banknote for promotional purposes

Spiral stacker

Spiral-shaped wheel which slows down the banknotes following scanning and processing and drops them inside the stacker. Often used as the symbol for G&D’s BPS machines.

SS7

Signaling System Number 7
According to ITU-T Q.700 series. Protocol stacks used by telephony equipment, for example switches, and essentially PLMNs for all mobility and services.

STARCOIN

STARCOIN is the name of G&D’s electronic payment system. It consists of cards and terminals as well as the background administration and clearing systems. STARCOIN enables payments to be made with both electronic purses and electronic checks. The system can be tailored to the needs of virtually every business environment.

Starcos

STARCOS is a tried and tested smart card operating system and the workhorse of chip card applications. The first version of STARCOS was developed by G&D in 1987. Its state machine structure enables several applications to be put on a single card and maintained completely separate from each other. STARCOS is available for numerous smart card microcontrollers and offers a complete set of commands standardized by ISO and EMV as well as ones optimized by G&D. As confirmation of G&D's security philosophy, even the lowest version offers symmetrical triple DES cryptography, which resists every known form of attack.

STEP

STEP (Shimmery Twin Effect Protection) is an optically variable ink based on liquid crystal pigments. When viewed from different angles, elements printed with this ink appear to change color.

STK

SIM Toolkit or SIM Application Toolkit
A set of commands and procedures for use between the SIM card and the terminal, in addition to those defined in GSM 11.11 and 3GPP TS 51.011: “Specification of the Subscriber Identity Module –Mobile Equipment (SIM – ME) interface”.

See also: Wib

Subscriber

Typically a person with a subscription, identified by IMSI in a cellular telephone network.

Substrate

Base material for printing security documents, e.g. cotton paper for banknotes.

Synthec

Banknote / Security paper with synthetic fiber content for increased mechanical stability and with a LongLife coating for moisture and soiling resistance.

TAC

Type Allocation Code
8 first digits in an IMEI of a terminal used in a cellular telephone network identifying the terminal model and origin.

Tactility

The property of an object that can be felt. Tactile security features in banknotes are made by means of intaglio printing. See Intaglio print, Haptic.

Tap2Pay

Tap2Pay is a pilot project of NFC in Oslo to gain information on the buying experience of 250 consumers.

Tearing resistance

A measure of the tensile strength of substrates in mN as per ISO 1974.

Tensile strength

A measure of the tensile strength of substrates in kN/m as per ISO 1924.

Terminal

Terminal is a generic word denoting a Mobile Equipment (ME, identified by IMEI) without SIM.
Device can be a Personal Digital Assistant, cell phone, smart phone, mobile terminal, mobile handset, machine-2-machine module or USB-data module with mobile radio.

Token

A token refers generally to a security token. A security token is used for the authentication to prove the electronical identity of the token's holder. This kind of technology replaces or completes the password utilization.

TonerFix

Security paper for counterfeit-protected documents that is particularly suitable for personalization by means of laser printing.

Transfer foil

A stripe applied to a security paper whose carrier foil is removed during the application process. These stripes are normally equipped with additional optically variable effects.

Transparent EF

Transparent Elementary File
Or: Transparent file
Included in the SIM card file system. A binary file that can store information of varying length in any location. This is a raw, unstructured, random access file.

See also: EF

TSM

It's the short name of Trusted Service Management. It's a intermediate institution between the Bank and the mobile device. A TSM will play an important role after the NFC release World Wilde because it improve the security of your data and insure to the bank that you are really the owner of the handset who want to do a transaction.

TWIN

Making counterfeits easy to see through: the transparent banknote TWIN see-through window (Transparent secure WINdow technology). TWIN-based features are easy to recognize and yet hard to imitate.

UICC

Smart card that conforms to the specifications written and maintained by the ETSI Smart Card Platform project.
UICC is neither an abbreviation nor an acronym.

UMTS

UMTS is the short name of Universal Mobile Telecommunications System. It's a 3G standard who offers the possibility to transfer data faster. The world release was in 2005.

USB

USB is the short name of Universal Serial Bus. This item is a hardware interface used to attach peripherals to a computer. In the most cases, the USB is used to transfer data from a peripheral to a computer but it can also be used to give DC current to the peripheral. For exemple: recharge batterie.

User Equipment

All the equipment and software needed for communication with a cellular telephone network. This is the term used for 3G networks.

See also: Mobile Station

USIM

USIM is the short term for Universal Subsriber Identity Mobule. It's a SIM developed to support the UMTS using the 3G mobile network.

USSD

Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
Can be used as an alternate service bearer for mobile value added services delivered by mobile network operators.

varifeye

Innovative window security element in banknotes based on windows in the substrate which are sealed with a laminate foil. This window element is usually equipped with further optically variable effects such as hologram foils.

varifeye C2

Window security element in banknotes with clear change of image when the viewing situation is altered.

varifeye Magic

Window security element in banknotes with micro-optical structures.

varifeye Pixel

Window security element in banknotes in which the image which is divided into sections (pixels) changes when moved from a white to a black background.

View, incidental light, transmitted light, UV light

It is possible to check banknote paper in three different views: incidental light (i.e. the banknote is in front of the viewer), transmitted light (i.e. the banknote is held up to the light) and UV light (i.e. viewing with a UV lamp). The security features visible change depending on the view.

Virtual Machine (VM)

A software simulation of a microprocessor, usually having its own opcodes for machine instructions as well as a simulated address space. It allows software to be generated that is independent of the features of specific hardware. For instance, the virtual address space of a VM can be many times larger than the address space provided by the hardware. In the Java environment, the closed environment of the VM is often called the sandbox.

VPLMN

Visited Public Land Mobile Network, the cellular network used when outside of the coverage area of the mobile subscriber’s home PLMN (Public Land Mobile Network).

VPN

Abbreviation for "Virtual Private Network". In the course of the Internet boom, virtual private networks found solid footing in the infrastructure of corporate networks. A (company's) internal data transmission is performed over an existing public network; the data packages are encrypted for transmission. The key pairs are only known to the sender and the recipient. The encrypted data packages are normally packed in TCP/IP packages. This procedure is called “TCP/IP tunnelling”. This also permits the transmission of NetBIOS or IPX data packages over the Internet. See also: Remote data transmission (RDT), Encryption, TCP/IP.

WAP

Wireless Application Protocol

Watermark, allover

Watermark motifs evenly allocated over the whole surface of a paper.

Watermark, cylinder mould

See also Cylinder mould watermark.

Watermark, electrotype

See Watermark, HighLight.

Watermark, fourdrinier

Also referred to as a moulette watermark, produced with fourdrinier paper machines, in which after sheet formation the nonwoven fibers are compressed or displaced into characters via a forming roll with images. In transmitted light, the result appears as a simple light/dark watermark. One typical application is for commercially available printing and writing paper.

Watermark, HighLight

Synonym for electrotype, e-type, watermark; generated during the sheet formation process and serves to especially highlight important information. This type of watermark is very light (because it is thin) and clear (because it is “sharply defined”). Example: indication of the value of the banknote within the watermark on euro banknotes.

Watermark

A watermark is made during paper production by means of various thicknesses of paper – either thicker or thinner than the surrounding material – which results in a gray-toned image being visible. For banknotes, the cylinder mould process is used to apply watermarks that appear three-dimensional.

Wib

The common term used for SmartTrust Wib.
An interpreter which provides an execution environment for wiblets and a mechanism for management of menu-based services.

Wiblet

An application executed in the SmartTrust Wib runtime platform.

Window thread

A security thread embedded in the banknote and appearing on the paper's surface at defined points on the banknote (windows). When viewed straight on the security thread is partially visible, and appears across the entire length in transmitted light.

WML

Wireless Markup Language

WPKI

iWireless Public Key Infrastructure, a form of PKI used in cellular telephone networks.

See: PKI

Glossary terms A-Z

Restore selection