The connectivity landscape is made up of a number of key providers, including mobile network operators (MNOs), mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs), and mobile virtual network enablers (MVNEs). Consumers may know that they have an account with Virgin Mobile or Xfinity Mobile, but do they know what the difference is between these brands and carriers such as Orange or Vodafone?
MVNOs – which include both well-known brands such as Virgin, but also lesser-known names such as Champions Mobile – are smaller than MNOs, which have strong network partnerships that enable them to offer multiple networks in each country and, therefore, better coverage. The biggest MNOs all have international networks but not necessarily global ones.
The dynamics between MNOs and MVNOs are changing as new technologies and trends – such as eSIM, IoT and 5G – start to take off. In turn, these technologies and trends are providing opportunities that MVNOs in particular are keen to capitalize on.